Seasonal dynamics in the trophic status of water, floral and faunal density along some selected coastal areas of the Red Sea, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia


Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia


Eutrophication is posing a threat to the coastal marine ecosystems. The consequence of anthropogenic induced eutrophication of waters has resulted in severe deterioration of surface waters. In this research a preliminary data was collected on eutrophication by environmental monitoring on some selected coastal areas of the Red Sea near Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. Sampling sites were selected from Haql, Sharmaa and Duba (five for each station) and water samples collected in four different seasons (Oct 2013, Jan 2014, April 2014 and July 2014) to study seasonal dynamics of water quality parameters (especially in reference to the trophic status of water). Only one coastal site from each station was found with some eutrophic characteristics. Water samples collected from these eutrophic sites were more alkaline, turbid, with higher nutrient and low dissolved oxygen contents as compared to other sampling sites. Dynamics in relative densities of coastal flora and fauna were also found to be related with coastal water quality. Human settlements, fish markets, boating clubs and tourisms near these coastal areas of the Red Sea were observed as the primary causes of nutrient loading; run-offs during rains carrying nutrients also aggravate the problem. The results of this study may help in estimating the intensity of the problem and as a forecast for time frame to take an action for the conservation of affected coastal marine ecosystems and restoration of degraded coastal areas of the Red Sea.