Microbiology Lab., Marine Environment Division, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
Fish Reproduction and Larval Rearing (Marine Hatchery), Aquaculture Division, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
Antimicrobial nanoparticle therapy was proposed as an alternative strategy to reduce the use of antibiotics in larval-rearing systems. Antibacterial potential of the prepared squilla chitosan–silver nanoparticles and its protective effect on Dicentrarchus labrax (sea bass) larvae in the early stages were studied against Vibrio angularium. Different concentrations of squilla chitosan (Csq) and squilla chitosan–silver nanoparticles (Csq–AgNps) (1, 2, 5, 10, and 20 %) were, in vitro, tested against V.anguillarum and expressed as a role of Log10 mean. Sea bass larvae were treated using: 10 % Csq and 5 % Csq–AgNps as effective inhibitory concentrations against the pathogen either encapsulated during the feeding regime or added directly to the model system via the water from the onset of 4 weeks. The long-term administration of Csq–AgNps through enriched food for both non-infected and infected systems had survival % of 74.5 ± 1.5 and 72.5 ± 2.5, respectively. Larval clinical observations using Csq–AgNps were studied compared with the two controls. The current study found that 5 % encapsulated Csq–AgNps was enough to suppress infection and considered as an alternative to antibiotics in controlling virulent fish pathogens.