Determining the growth and mortality parameters of longtail tuna (Thunnus tonggol Bleeker, 1851) using length frequency data in coastal waters of the northern Persian Gulf and Oman Sea, Iran

Document Type : Original Article


1 Institute of Applied-Scientific Higher Education of Jahad-e-Agriculture, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Tehran, Iran

2 Higher Education Center of Jahad-e-Agriculture Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran

3 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran



Longtail tuna (Thunnus tonggol) is one of the most economically important tuna species in Iranian waters of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. Some population dynamics parameters of this species were investigated in coastal waters of the northern Persian Gulf and Oman Sea from January to December 2014. The fork length (FL) of all specimens ranged from 27 to 107 cm, and total weight (TW) was between 200 and 12,000 g. Among the length frequencies examined, specimens with fork length in the range of 62–65 cm were the dominant group. The equation of length–weight relationship was estimated as TW = 0.00003 × FL2.82 (R 2 = 0.84) and isometric growth model was determined for longtail tuna in study area. The parameters of Von Bertalanffy growth function were obtained as: L ∞ = 111.23 cm, k = 0.3 year−1 and t 0 = −0.38 years and ϕ′ = 3.6. The annual instantaneous rate of total mortality (Z), natural mortality (M) and fishing mortality (F) was estimated to be 1.15, 0.43 and 0.72 year−1, respectively. The exploitation rate (E) was calculated as 0.63 indicating that longtail tuna was fully exploited in the study region.