Document Type: Original Article
Department of Dairy and Food Science and Technology, Egerton University, P. O. Box 536-20115, Egerton, Kenya
International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, P. O. Box 30772-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Plot NO. 25, Mikocheni Light Industrial Area, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, BP 320, Bamako, Mali
Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, School of Food Technology, Nutrition and Bio-Engineering, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
Animal food sources provide human beings with minerals considerably in adequate quantities. Fish is an indispensable reliable source of nutrients, as aquaculture is a sector that is fast growing and which provides 50% of the world’s fish production. However, fish production is hampered by the increasing costs of feeds due to the ever rising cost of fish meal, an integral component of fish feeds. Substituting fish meal with cheap, yet highly nutritious ingredients in fish feeds is therefore paramount. This study investigated the effects of substituting fish meal with adult cricket meal (ACM) and black soldier fly meal (BSFM) on minerals content of extruded fish feeds, where four levels of substitution (0, 25, 50 and 75%) were used. The effect of feed moisture content on minerals was also studied where 20 and 30% feed moisture levels were used. Leaching effects of the pellets were studied as well. The results showed a significant increase (P < 0.05) in the levels of phosphorus and potassium as the level of fish meal substitution increased from 0 to 75%. On the other hand, iron and sodium levels reduced significantly (P < 0.05) as the level of fish meal substitution increased. Magnesium content increased with increasing level of substitution with BSFM, but decreased with increasing level of substitution with ACM. Copper, zinc and manganese were not greatly influenced by levels of fish meal substitution. Diets that had zero substitution showed higher leaching effect for most minerals than diets that were substituted with 75% ACM or BSFM. This study found that both ACM and BSFM can be used to substitute fish meal in fish feeds and obtain adequate mineral profile and low leaching effect.